20 Apr History of Anime
“Anime,” you might say. The word can conjure up memories of thrilling journeys, stylized paintings, or your teenage daughter chatting excitedly about her new fascination, depending on who you are. Anime is one of the best ways to take a break from working as one of the top forex brokers list. In Japan, the term may refer to any form of animation, but it has come to mean “Japanese animation” in the rest of the world. What is the meaning of the distinction? Isn’t animation just a collection of moving drawings, regardless of where they’re made? From every other part of the planet, we don’t have a clear, well-known term for animation. How did anime gain a reputation for being unique and evolve into the stylized medium we know and enjoy today? The answer dates from a little more than a century ago…
Shimokawa Oten reportedly released the first animated film in Japan, and thus the first anime, in late 1916 or early 1917. It was made with chalk and lasted less than five minutes. The lack of certainty stems from the fact that most early Japanese films were dismantled after the reels had been completed. What remained was completely lost as many film studios and theatres were demolished in the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923, bombed out during World War 2, or merely disintegrated over time. The nitrocellulose on which early films were printed was very thin and flammable – not necessarily a prescription for long-term preservation.
Prior to 1958, you had to go to a cinema or find a rich acquaintance with a projector and access to reels if you chose to see animation. That was before television. Mogura no Adventure (Mole’s Adventure) was the first anime to air on the fledgling medium. It was nine minutes long, in colour, with paper cut-outs. Two years later, in 1960, Mittsu no Hanashi (Three Tales), an unconventional animated anthology, was produced and broadcast by NHK as a special. It would fly to the United States the next year, where it would become the first anime to air on American television, consisting of three ten-minute segments telling fantasy stories. Tezuka and Mushi Pro premiered Tetsuwan Atom, the first anime television series we can remember, in 1963. (Astro Boy). The show featured a robot boy who lived among humans and frequently fought violence, monsters, and other robots, and was based on one of Tezuka’s most famous manga.
The “golden age” of anime, the 1980s, saw a tremendous influx of genres and interest. Many reasons related to this, including the advent of VHS and the fact that children who were influenced by Tetsuwan Atom twenty years earlier are now grown up and nostalgic for their beloved series. If auteur-driven OAVs and hugely popular movies and studios aren’t your favourite, there was another first in 1984. You can probably imagine what industry was swift to step up so that people could buy anime and enjoy it in their own houses, bypassing the censors and media interest of TV and theatres. Lolita Anime was the first “hentai” (pornographic) film, though Cream Lemon from the same year is best remembered. More titles followed, all of which were profitable.
Anime has been almost entirely animated on cells since the mid-1930s. CGI became more popular as a supplementary technique in the 1990s. The ease with which computers could manipulate images even won over Miyazaki, who used CGI to animate demonic tendrils and a few other effects in 1997’s Mononoke-Hime (Princess Mononoke) after his staff demonstrated how seamlessly they could blend the animation in.
Studios are continuing to transition to new ways of telling tales. One Punch Man is now one of the most successful programmes on television. Two separate short anime series have been produced especially for cell phone watching. Programs like Flash and Maya are lowering the barriers to animation, and aspiring animators will post their work directly on the internet for fans without the need for a TV contract or a distributor. For more articles like this one, click here.